Wednesday, September 13, 2017


The Columbia Hotel stood next to the Panhandle Station (aka the Pennsylvania Depot at the southern end of 4th Street) the hotel address was 318 Canal Street, Logansport, Indiana. Canal Street later became Melbourne Avenue.

I researched this hotel after finding the photo above. I found the following clips:

Charles Nye has accepted a position in the sample room at the Columbia Hotel.
A handsome street lamp was erected in front of the Columbia Hotel restaurant and dining hall.
-       Logansport Pharos Tribune, 1893 May 26, page 4

"M. McTaggart has assumed the management of the Columbia Hotel and restaurant."
-       Logansport Pharos Tribune, 1894 June 2, page 4

In 1896 Logansport Pharos Tribune reported that Arthur McTaggart was selling furniture and fixtures of the hotel Columbia.

1897 Logansport Times reported that Frank Beamer was now cooking at the Columbia hotel and lunch counter.

Baker & Anhier will open their new saloon in the Columbia Hotel tomorrow evening.  An elaborate lunch will be served.
-       Logansport Pharos Tribune, 1897 March 30, page 5

John Baker has improved and changed the interior of his bar room in the Columbia Hotel.
Louie Wandrei who recently purchased the lunch counter and dining hall at the Columbia Hotel has rearranged and refurnished the same in splendid style. He now has one of the neatest places of the kind ever opened in Logansport.
-       Logansport Pharos Tribune, 1897 November 1, page 8

Fire reported Sept. 28, 1899 Logansport Pharos Tribune – Someone with murderous intent turned on two gas jets at the Columbia Hotel last night and but for the timely discovery by Mr. Wandrei a terrible explosion might have resulted. Suspicion rests upon a certain individual who had better make himself scarce.

Considerable furniture recovered from the Wandrei Columbia Hotel fire remains unsold and is now stored at 518 Broadway.
-       Logansport Reporter, 1900 September 27, page 8

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

ReVere Automobile - The People

Dateline August 31, 1918 - Logansport Pharos Tribune
The headline read "ReVere Car Setting New World's Record"
"Baker reaches New York City  ReVere Car Makes Big Hit In the East"

"Still going with ever increasing speed "Cannonball" Baker (pictured above on an Indian motorcycle)  is determined to set a world's record mark behind the wheels of a ReVere car, which will be hard to beat by any driver or auto manufactured in the country."

The following telegram which has been received from Baker who had arrived in New York City, at the time of sending, shows the rapidity Baker is making before winding up his test of the ReVere car:
New York August 30, '18
ReVere Motor Car Company
Logansport, Ind
Monday two forty one Norway, Maine. Through Green and White mountains. Tuesday three hundred twelve, Boston. Wednesday hundred fifty-five, Springfield, Mass. Judging number of admirers and inquiries concerning ReVere no question of sales output of production. Thursday one sixty-one, New York. Half round.
- E. G. Baker

                     Erwin “Cannonball” Baker. Cannonball visited all forty-eight state capitals in his 1918 ReVere  In fact, he bested the previous endurance record by an unbelievable 42 days covering a total of 16,234 miles.  Most remarkable of all “Cannonball” experienced no mechanical breakdowns.          

Three years later in the 1921 Indy 500, another racer, Eddie Hearne, picture above, piloted a ReVere for 111 laps.

Above: Gill Anderson, Co-Production Manager
Above: Mr. & Mrs. Adolph Monson,
Mr. & Mrs. Gil Anderson and on the right end is the seldom photographed Newton VanZandt.

Above: Tom Rooney, Co-Production Manager

Thursday, March 30, 2017

ReVere "America's Incomparable Car"

None of the principals Newton VanZandt, President, Adolph Monsen, Chief Engineer, and Gil Anderson and Thomas Rooney, Production Managers were originally from the Logansport, Indiana area. But when C. H. Wilson, a Chicago lumber company man, visited Logansport to survey an abandoned lumber yard and planning mill as a possible factory, he reported that there were enough local citizens willing to invest in the company to raise the funds for the building locally.

On August 25, 1917 the first bare chassis powered by a Duesenberg racing engine drove the streets of Logansport with Adolph Monsen at the wheel. That chassis was then driven to Racine, Wisconsin, where the body was installed and the finished auto was brought back and displayed at the 1917 Cass County Fair to much acclaim of the citizens.

March 1917, Headlines on page 1 of the Logansport-Pharos Reporter explained that the Logansport, Indiana "town fathers" were hoping to entice an auto factory to locate in this city.

Stock Certificate

Above is a drawing of the plan for the proposed automobile factory.


Booster Committee Selling Stock Had $20,000 this Afternoon and Was Still Going Strong - In Good Shape


"The Revere Motor Company will locate its plant at 'The Point' on the ground formerly occupied by the Bligh Lumber Company. This has been settled by the selling of $25,000 of stock in the city of Logansport and besides the sale of this necessary amount of stock, today a large number of subscriptions for stock in excess of the $25,000 was taken."
The Point was/is on First and E. Melbourne Streets at the confluence of the Wabash and Eel Rivers.
The article continues..."With the landing of this million dollar plant, the first appearance of the Greater Logansport is noted, and it is certain that following closely upon this will come other big projects and the city will begin to boom."

With the ink barely dry on the incorporation papers, ground was broken for the company's 33,000 sq. ft. factory complex on May 2, 1917.

Logansport Citizens Listed as The Men Behind The Car:
W. H. Porter, President National City Bank
R. R. Johnston, Secy.-Treas. Parker & Johnston Lumber Co.
E. F. Metzger, Publisher Logansport Daily Tribune
Edward Hankee, Cashier Citizens Loan & Trust Company
Dr. W. A. Holloway, Physician
J. F. Murdock. President Legal Loan Company
A. A. Seagraves, Farmer
C. C. Bishop, Real Estate Dealer
Benjamin F. Long, Attorney
Roy Johnson, President Johnson Baking Company
Sol. O. Cook, Manager Obenchain-Boyer Chemical Company
A. L. Jones, President Northern Realty Company
Chas. E. Yarlott, Attorney
Frank Amoss, Expert Accountant
Wm. O. Murdock, Merchant
Dr. J. W. Stewart, Physician
B. F. Sharts, Manager Fenton Investment Company
J. W. Rodgers, Proprietor Rodgers' Department Store
Victor S. Wise, Treasurer Wiler & Wise, Inc.
A. F. Rothstein, Secretary Chamber of Commerce

To promote the engineering and capabilities of the ReVere, VanZandt hired Erwin "Cannonball" Baker to drive a ReVere in what was promoted as the "Capital to Capital Test Trip". On June 12, 1918 "Cannonball" Baker left Indianapolis. He covered 17,000 miles, visited all 48 capitals ending on September 13, 1918, in Frankfort, Kentucky.

The first production ReVere rolled off of the line in the spring of 1919 at a base price of $3,850. Orders were being placed faster than the factory could produce them. Monsen insisted on personally inspecting each one.

Inside Logansport's ReVere Factory

The ReVere was a well engineered, well built, quality automobile. Special order autos were built as well. King Alphonso XIII of Spain, a racing automobile enthusiast, ordered a model named the Sport Victoria at a cost of $7,800. In May 1920, ReVere sponsored a four cylinder Duessenberg racer at the Indianapolis 500. It was driven by Peter Henderson and finished 10th.


So why did the company last less than a decade and end in bankruptcy? Most historians  point the finger at the President VanZandt. VanZandt was an unscrupulous promoter who played fast and loose with the truth.
Advertisements of the ReVere bore no resemblance to the actual model built.
Protoypes were presented that had yet to be built in the factory.
Hard sell promotion turned to fraud when VanZandt claimed at a September 1919
meeting of the Logansport Industrial Association that an unnamed "Eastern
syndicate" had signed a five year contract to purchase $45 million worth of
ReVere Cars and that a deposit for 1,000 cars had been received.

After stock prices soared and investors scurried to get on board it was discovered
the "golden Eastern syndicate" was a dummy corporation set up by VanZandt himself.



Why bother? Maybe because of the strong belief in the automobile held by Adolph Monsen, who remained convinced of the car's quality, capabilities and continued promise. Monsen would assume greater visibility as vice-president and general manager of the newly-established ReVere Motors Co., Inc. Others involved at this point were Charles E. Barnes, President, Harry A. Kraut, treasurer and Fred J. Steffens, secretary. (Monsen's former co-partners, Rooney and Anderson, had left months earlier.)


Logansport Pharos Tribune, March 2, 1923, Page 1:

Only 54 cars were built in 1922. Only 16 in 1923.

For almost two years after the company had all but vanished.
The ReVere wasn't even regarded as a viable automaker- not surprising in view of its 16 car output in 1923.
"A mechanical dinosaur"
Unchanged almost since its inception, the car was of little interest even to those few who were aware of its existence. Honestly, the ReVere was outdated. More suited to the track than the boulevard, those to whom a $4,000 car appealed found more to their liking in a Lincoln, Marmon or Cadillac than in the ReVere.

Above: Logansport Press, December 27, 1925, page 8

Above clip announcing the sale of parts - Logansport Pharos Tribune, April 16, 1926, page 10



THE LOGANSPORT PRESS main headline for May 28, 1940 read “Local Fire Loss Fixed at $375,000”. The fire alarm came in at 3:20 a.m. and when fire fighters arrived the flames had spread through the corner of the building at 1st and E. Melbourne occupied by government entities renting office space from the buildings owner, the local contractor, James I. Barnes.
It was reportedly the worse fire in Logansport’s history and wiped out almost a complete half block of Barnes’ factory buildings.

Occupants of the buildings, besides Barnes were Shulder & Schloss garment factory; RBM Manufacturing warehouse, and the U.S. government conservation quarters.

The fire spread so quickly that by 4:30 a.m. the three-story brick and concrete structure adjoining on the west, was in ruins, and the RBM warehouse even further west was a mass of flames. It was quite a battle, but the fire fighters managed to save the Small Bakery building at the end of the string.

Witnesses said that all three floors appeared to take fire all at once. With the building blazing, the brick structure to the west was doomed. All was destroyed.

Elliott Wholesale warehouse faced 1st Street and burned quickly. The fire was accompanied by the explosion of gasoline tanks in cars and the bursting of canned goods in the grocery warehouse.

Above: In 1998 the citizens of Logansport and Cass County, Indiana worked together to raise money to purchase this 1920 touring car ReVere (photo credit Rich Voorhees Studio) from a private individual living in Nevada. It is now among the Cass County Historical Society collection. This year, 2017, the CCHS and community will celebrate the short-lived company's history on August 26. MORE TO COME....

Thursday, December 15, 2016

Murder And Execution

Jerome Brooks, 23, and Charles Carr, 22,  were known in this area for making trouble.

They were tired for the murder of Asher W. Slater.
On the night of April 20, 1871 one man kept Slater, a shop keeper in downtown Logansport, occupied with an order of a bucket of molasses, while the other came up behind him and beat Slater over the head and robbed him of $140 from his pocket and about $15 from his cash drawer. Slater died from the head wound, loss of blood, and concussion of his brain.

Charles Carr pleaded guilty to second degree murder, which carried life imprisonment, rather than death by hanging.

Jerome stood trial before Judge Horace P. Biddle.

Jerome Brooks confessed to the murder.
Full confession can be found in the Democratic Pharos, November 1, 1871, page 2.

He was executed in Delphi, Carroll County, Indian. A large crowd had gathered to witness the hanging, but were disappointed, because under the law all public executions were prohibited.

The Sheriff and a number of peace officers were detailed for this duty.

Brooks was interviewed by several people up to the time of being led to the gallows. He spoke to all in an indifferent manner. He did not seem to realize his awful fate and showed the same levity of manner from his arrest up to time for the execution.

He was taken in a closed carriage from the jail to a gallows erected in the courthouse yard, which was enclosed with a frame structure and a roof.

He mounted the steps with no sign of fear other than heavy breathing. He placed the noose around his own neck. When asked if he had any last words he said. “No. I’m ready. Blood should be on no man’s head.” He bid each person a formal farewell. The Sheriff read the death warrant. When asked again if he had anything to say, Brooks said, “I shall never forget Bringhurst.” (His defense attorney.) After death the body was cut down and taken to Logansport for burial in Mt. Hope cemetery.

Thursday, September 8, 2016

Women's Suffrage

This is an election year. It is an important election, although not any more important than any other, because importance is relevant. But, because this is an election year the Museum Curator thought that a display having to do with Women's Suffrage would be appropriate.

This is Susan B. Anthony circa 1855. I have no doubt, dear reader, that you know about her and I'm not even going to try to rehash what has been printed and posted by many more, way-better-qualified people than myself. Rather...I wish to share info and acknowledge some Cass County women who involved with this movement. Namely, Lois Wilson, Dora Smith, Sage Velle Fenton, and Anna Dunn Noland.

This letter, written by Susan B. Anthony and addressed to  Lois Wilson, Logansport , is among the Cass County Historical Soc.'s collection. 1888. For years the museum Curator had been under the impression that Lois Wilson was married to a local attorney. Wrong. Her husband was Harvey J. Wilson, Truant Officer and they lived at 416 Eighth Street, Logansport.

Research tells us that this local group of suffragettes was small at the time of this letter, 1888, and the group sort of dissolved until 1908, when there were many more local women ready to speak out, march, and generally make some noise for the right for women to vote!

On December 7, 1908 a meeting was held in Logansport, Indiana. This meeting was organized and promoted by Dora (Mrs. Oliver P.) Smith, of 409 North Street. Her husband was a cigar maker and I can't help but picture him and "the boys" sitting around a table in the back of the cigar store talking about the little women and their little cause. Cute - aren't they? having meetings and imagining what politics is all about...just so long as they get home in time to make dinner and clean up the kitchen afterward.


Mrs. Anna Dunn Noland, Logansport, was the state president but was out of town and unable to attend. But, Miss Peppinger, San Antonio, Texas, national secretary of the Women's Suffrage society was in attendance.
By the way - I had to dig around for most of the ladies' first names. Everyone was Mrs. "Husband's First Name" in those days. In the case of Miss Peppinger - I had no luck finding her first name.

Note: Anna was married to Dr. Franklin J. Noland, eye, ear, nose and throat specialist. They lived at 424 1/2 Broadway.

Here is a news clipping of that meeting: Logansport Daily Reporter, page 1

The bottom line reads "Of course some people will call us hair-pullers, and laugh at us,"..."but we will stay in the race until we win." quoting Dora Smith.
In 1913 the Women Suffrage movement was converging on Washington DC.
Meanwhile, here at home the Logansport Journal Tribune was interviewing for opinions about the new "slit skirt".
Concerning slit skirts, 1913.
Mrs. Anna Noland, suffragist leader in Logansport and one whose views are generally broad and unbiased, expresses her opinion: “I can see nothing wrong about the slit skirt. I think all the evil lies in the mind of the beholder. One must admit there are some people who have always been able to make evil out of the most innocent things. I think the skirts are very comfortable. To me they serve the same purpose as the short skirt: comfort and convenience. I do not like the tight skirt simply because it is an affection since it hinders a woman’s moving about.” When asked if her opinion was the same for all slit skirts she said, “No, I do not like a few of the slit skirts, but they were very extreme and therefore immodest. They are calculated merely for attention.”

Mrs. Isaac N. Crawford’s opinion: “No, I do not like the slit skirt and I think that every woman who appears in a slit skirt should be placed in jail. They are immoral. They invite disrespect and even insults from men.”
NOTE: Mrs. Crawford's husband owned a large farming implement and hardware store in the downtown.

Sage Velle Fenton
Above: That young lady in the center, in the back row, was Sage Velle Fenton.
  • Born 1888
  • Graduate of LHS 1907 - a member of the very first high school annual "The Tattler" staff.
  • Graduate of Vassar 1911.
  • Daughter of Charles O. Fenton and Carrie D. Taylor Fenton, followed in her father's footsteps as he put her in charge of the Logansport Times, of which he was owner.
  • Champion of Women Suffrage and the Prohibition of liquor.
  • She drowned while on vacation in Florida in 1916, as her fiancĂ© and family watched in horror. She was 28.

January 17, 1936 – page 1 Pharos Tribune

Anna Dunn Noland Dies At Home of Her Sister

Well-known local lady who led campaign for woman suffrage dies at Kouts, Indiana. After long illness

Anna Dunn Noland, champion of woman's suffrage and state president of the Equal Suffrage association for 13 years, died Friday morning at the home of her sister, Mrs. Sarah, Noland in Kouts, Ind. She was 71 years old. Mrs. Noland widow of the late Dr. James Noland; and a native of this city was removed from her home a half mile north of here on the Michigan road to the home of her sister last Saturday. Her condition was serious then. About two weeks before Christmas Mrs. Noland was found unconscious on the floor in the kitchen of her home, by neighbors who came to call. She had been bedfast since. Her condition responded to treatment and she grew better for a, time, only to suffer a relapse that resulted in death. Mrs. Noland was born in Logansport the daughter, of Mr. and Mrs. M. H. Dunn and spent her early girlhood here later moving with her parents to Star City where her father engaged in the grain elevator and lumber business.

Following her marriage to Dr. Noland they moved to North Judson in 1883. About 1890 Dr. Noland transferred his field of endeavor to Logansport and an active Mrs. Noland became a worker in the ranks of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. At this time Mrs. Noland manifested a deep and burning interest in the equal suffrage movement and in 1910 was elected vice-president of the state association at a convention in Kokomo. Within a short time she became president and was re-elected to the illustrious-office 12 times. During her terms of leadership of the Equal Suffrage association Mrs. Noland campaigned the state in the interest of her work and cultivated a wide circle of friends in every walk of life by her earnestness, zeal, personality and tireless energy. Finally she saw the object of the association accomplished in the adoption of a constitutional amendment and subsequently retired from active work.

Parade at Hebron, Indiana

August 26, 1920 United States Secretary of State signed the Anthony Amendment into law.

Thursday, May 26, 2016

George H. Lynas and The Apron Factory 1919

George H. Lynas was associated with his father’s -  Dr. James B. Lynas - business - assuming presidency of the company in 1901 after "J. B.’s" death.

On the third floor of the 519-523 E. Market street building was  a complete little factory which, no doubt, was unknown to over 99 per cent of the people of Logansport. This factory produced aprons and it grew from a very small beginning to the point where it occupied floor space 64x34 feet in dimension. At first only one or two women worked there. More employees were added. The aprons made in the Lynas factory were sold through the same agency that handled all other products of the Lynas establishment.

Modern machinery was installed. The table on which the fabric cutter worked was located on the east side of the room and extended a distance of 54 feet. Next to this table there were shelves.
Running through the center of the room was a large ironing table. There were fourteen 10 straight head sewing machines in the factory, much like the one pictured above.
The room wasn't wired for electric lights because of the "great benefit of the natural lighting" and instead skylights were installed "which furnish an abundance of light".

August 3, 1919 ad for help wanted Logansport Pharos Reporter, page 16.
On the north side of the large room one could look out over the city, in a nice, well-furnished little recreation space. A large piano was the central object in the space. On the floor there were rugs and scattered about were comfortable chairs "for the benefit of the workers of the factory, at the noon hour and during intermissions throughout the day".
On the south side of the large room occupied by the machines was a convenient dressing-room.
Miss Jennie Bryer, an experienced seamstress was placed in charge of the work in the Lynas apron factory.

George H. Lynas died December 13, 1926.

George's brother, Will, sold the Dr. Lynas & Son business in 1938. It was finally dissolved as a business in 1965.

Friday, April 22, 2016

Canal Boats,Miami Tribe and Pioneer Day Memories

Memories of Nathan Stackhouse of Anoka, Indiana, Cass County.

Nathan Stackhouse (1848-1939) was a member of one of Cass County, Indiana's pioneer families. He was born in 1848 in an area that became the Purdue University campus at West Lafayette. He came to eastern Cass County as a toddler, a year or two later. Before he died he was interviewed by the local newspapers and I, for one, as a historian, am so glad that he was able to share the following snippets of local history.

A Canal packet boat.
Nathan's uncle, Joe Cuppy, was captain of a canal boat - the "Americus" -  and Nathan was thrilled to ride on it because he was allowed to ride on the roof where he could get a great view of the passing landscape. "The mules slowly plodded along the tow path in front of us and in our floating through the towns of West Logan and Logansport, including our trip across the Eel River on the aqueduct at what is now 5th Street. We finally got off the boat at the lock in Miami Township and met a wagon pulled by oxen which took us across the Wabash River to my grandmother's house."

George Winter painting "Indians on The Eel River" 1850

People crossed the river at other points but the very best and only real ford of the Wabash between Logansport and Peru was the old Indian ford between what is today Cass Station bridge and the eastern end of Country Club Island. The ford stopped being used only after bridges were built at Lewisburg, 18th Street and finally Cass Station.

The correct name for Country Club Island is Cedar Island. Nathan's wife's Uncle was the first white man who owned it, buying it from the US Government, which had of course obtained it from the Native Americans.

Vintage post card image of a cliff at Cedar Island, Logansport, Indiana

Cedar Island was a favorite place for family picnics. Large numbers of people from the city of Logansport would go to it on Sundays in carriages, buggies and canal boats. For a time there was a baseball diamond at the west end of the island. Later Charles Bowyer grew a watermelon patch on the site and even later it became home to Soloman Brandt's fine chickens and dogs.
Much later the Country Club bought it and converted the west end of the island into a lawn and built a clubhouse.

The "cliff" is about 30 feet high and is plainly visible from Cass Station Bridge. Solid limestone - it overlooks the ancient Indian ford.

Nathan in an interview in 1938 - his 90th birthday - "I distinctly recall the Indian trails of the area. I used them for many years before any wagon roads were built."

It might be good to mention here that one of Nathan's friends was Gabriel Godfroy, a Miami Tribe leader, son of Chief Francis Godfroy.

Gabriel Godfroy

Chief Francis Godfroy (1788-1840)

"The Miami liked my family, especially my grandmother, very much. One of the trails led from the Mississinewa valley Indian towns past Pipe Creek Falls to the south side of Logansport. I often saw parties of as many as 15 to 20 Indians coming down this trail, sometimes on horseback, mostly on foot. They always marched in single file and at a dog-trot pace. Sometimes they brought their hunting dogs along."

"Sometimes the Indians would camp near to our home. Often they would dismount their ponies and command them to return to the Mississinewa country. The ponies were well trained and would follow the lead pony that had a small bell around its neck."

Nathan continued, "When the Indians were making a long trip they sometimes brought a cow or two along with them. My grandmother would send me out with a pail to get some milk. They not only let me milk their cow, they would insist that I fill the pail to the brim."

Though he never knew where they went after crossing the Wabash River, Nathan remembered an old Indian trail that led from near Onward to this ford at Cass Station, because just east it crossed a trail that passed his own home. He told of seeing mothers carrying babies on their backs, swaddled onto early type baby carrier.

Golf course - Logansport Golf Club

Most of the area of the Country Club - later the Logansport Golf Club - which now serves as a beautiful golf links was formerly a vast checkerboard of ponds, swamps and rocky hummocks.

More from Nathan's interview - "Though the Indians as a whole ceased living in Tipton Township a few still lingered and one fellow even worked for us for a long time. His name was Bannion, but we called him 'Billy'. He was short, but muscular and strong as an ox. He had long black hair which he wore tied back or braided. I think he liked us because we were a music-loving family, and he certainly loved music. He would play the fiddle for hours on end for our enjoyment. But he was a good worker and valuable to have around the farm.

Photo images courtesy Miami of Ohio

We knew and understood the Miami - understood much that was meaningless to our less informed neighbors. For example, we knew that if the Indians were wearing red handkerchiefs around their foreheads they were on their way to visit somebody. That is, we knew they weren't out on a hunting expedition."


"One time the Miami were planning a big barbecue near Peru (Indiana, in neighboring Miami County) but were having trouble gathering enough steers to roast for the occasion. They came down into our region to hunt for steers. Judge (David) Dykeman, who had several on his Washington Township place - Dykeman's Spring - cheerfully donated a steer to them. Gabriel Godfroy and one other Indian came to get this steer. We helped them lasso and load it. As a reward for our assistance, we were guests of Gabriel Godfroy himself at the gathering."

Nathan Stackhouse lived out his days in Tipton Township, Cass County, Indiana. He died in June, 1939.